Zingiber roseum Rosc. rhizome: A rich source of hepatoprotective polyphenols
Category:- Journal; Year:- 2021
Discipline:- Pharmacy Discipline
School:- Life Science School
Zingiber roseum is native to Bangladesh and widely used in folk medicine. This present study was designed to assess the ameliorative potential of Zingiber roseum rhizome extract in carbon tetrachloride (CCl4) induced hepatotoxicity in mice model. Seven phenolic compounds were identified and quantified by HPLC analysis in the plant extract, including quercetin, myricetin, catechin hydrate, trans-ferulic acid, trans-cinnamic acid, (-) epicatechin, and rosmarinic acid. Hepatotoxicity was induced by administrating a single intraperitoneal injection of CCl4 (10 mL/kg) on 7th day of treatment. The results revealed that plant extract at all doses (100, 200 and 400 mg/kg) significantly reduced (p < 0.05) the elevated serum aspartate aminotransferase (AST), alanine aminotransferase (ALT) and alkaline phosphatase (ALP) concentrations, and these effects were comparable to that of standard drug silymarin. Histopathological examination also revealed the evidence of recovery from CCL4 induced cellular damage when pretreated with Z. roseum rhizome extract. The in-vivo hepatoprotective effects were further investigated by the in-silico study of the aforementioned compounds with liver-protective enzymes such as superoxide dismutase (SOD), peroxiredoxin, and catalase. The strong binding affinities (ranging from −7.3359 to −9.111 KCal/mol) between the phenolic compounds (except trans-cinnamic acid) and oxidative stress enzymes inhibit ROS production during metabolism. The compounds were also found non-toxic in computational prediction, and a series of biological activities like antioxidant, anticarcinogen, cardio-protectant, hepato-protectant have been detected.